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icon Signs & Symptoms of Constipation

How do you know when you’re constipated?


You feel as though you have too much air in your tummy. This has to be released and may cause unpleasant sounds and smells.1

Lower Abdominal Discomfort or Pain

You experience jabbing pains in your lower stomach when going to the toilet. This may develop into a permanent pain.

Bloated Stomach

You feel uncomfortable and full of gas. This may even be clearly visible. A bloated stomach often occurs in the afternoon or evening and does not necessarily follow a meal.

Infrequent Pooping

You feel the need to go less than normal. The ‘normal’ level ranges between twice a day and three times a week but may vary between person to person.

Hard or Dry Stools

You sometimes don’t feel you can fully empty your bowels despite straining when you go to the toilet, sometimes painfully hard. The result is usually dark, dry, hard and a small amount.

Blood in Stools

You find blood in your stools or toilet paper which may be caused by enlarged piles or small tears in the walls of the rectum brought about by straining too hard.

Loss of Appetite

You feel full all the time, causing you to eat less than usual with no real appetite.

Diarrhea and Constipation

Your stool varies from being mushy or watery in diarrhea to dry with a feeling of constipation. You sometimes don’t feel you can fully empty your bowels.2

1 Flatulence causes and treatments. (2019). Retrieved 7 August 2019, from
2 Constipation. (2019). Retrieved 7 August 2019, from

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